Specific code 2014 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 428.0
Congestive heart failure, unspecified
  • Billable Code
  • Short description: CHF NOS.
  • ICD-9-CM 428.0 will be replaced by an equivalent ICD-10-CM code (or codes) when the United States transitions from ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM on October 1, 2015.
  • ICD-9-CM 428.0 is a billable medical code that can be used to specify a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim.
Disease Synonyms
  • Acute congestive heart failure
  • Acute on chronic congestive heart failure
  • At risk for congestive heart failure
  • Benign htn heart and ckd, 1 (gfr>=90), w chf
  • Benign htn heart and ckd, 2 (gfr60-89), w chf
  • Benign htn heart and ckd, 3 (gfr30-59), w chf
  • Benign htn heart and ckd, 4 (gfr15-29), w chf
  • Benign htn heart and ckd, esrd, w chf
  • Benign hypertensive heart and chronic renal disease stage 1 with congestive heart failure
  • Benign hypertensive heart and chronic renal disease stage 2 with congestive heart failure
  • Benign hypertensive heart and chronic renal disease stage 3 with congestive heart failure
  • Benign hypertensive heart and chronic renal disease stage 4 with congestive heart failure
  • Benign hypertensive heart and chronic renal disease stage 5 with congestive heart failure
  • Benign hypertensive heart and chronic renal disease with congestive heart failure
  • Benign hypertensive heart and CKD, ESRD, w CHF
  • Benign hypertensive heart and CKD, stage 1 (GFR >=90), w CHF
  • Benign hypertensive heart and CKD, stage 2 (GFR 60-89), w CHF
  • Benign hypertensive heart and CKD, stage 3 (GFR 30-59), w CHF
  • Benign hypertensive heart and CKD, stage 4 (GFR 15-29), w CHF
  • Benign hypertensive heart and CKD, stage 5 (GFR <15), w CHF
  • Benign hypertensive heart and CKD, w CHF
  • Benign hypertensive heart and end stage renal disease with congestive heart failure
  • Benign hypertensive heart disease with congestive heart failure
  • Benign hypertensive heart disease, w CHF
  • Chf
  • CHF (Congestive heart failure)
  • Chf (congestive heart failure) due to valvular disease
  • Chf (congestive heart failure), stage a
  • Chf (congestive heart failure), stage b
  • Chf (congestive heart failure), stage c
  • Chf (congestive heart failure), stage d
  • CHF due to valvular disease
  • CHF exacerbation
  • CHF following cardiac surgery, postop
  • CHF following non-cardiac surgery, postop
  • CHF w cardiomyopathy
  • CHF W right heart failure
  • CHF, acute
  • CHF, acute on chronic
  • CHF, chronic
  • CHF, left ventricular
  • CHF, stage A
  • CHF, stage B
  • CHF, stage C
  • CHF, stage D
  • Chronic congestive heart failure
  • Congestive heart failure
  • Congestive heart failure (chf)
  • Congestive heart failure (chf) exacerbation (flareup)
  • Congestive heart failure (chf) left ventricle
  • Congestive heart failure (chf) with cardiomyopathy
  • Congestive heart failure (chf), acute
  • Congestive heart failure (chf), chronic
  • Congestive heart failure as postoperative complication of cardiac surgery
  • Congestive heart failure as postoperative complication of non cardiac surgery
  • Congestive heart failure due to cardiomyopathy
  • Congestive heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction
  • Congestive heart failure due to valvular disease
  • Congestive heart failure stage B
  • Congestive heart failure stage C
  • Congestive heart failure stage D
  • Congestive heart failure with right heart failure
  • Congestive heart failure, chronic with acute flare up
  • Congestive left heart failure with right heart failure
  • Exacerbation of congestive heart failure
  • Hypertensive CHF
  • Hypertensive chronic kidney disease, severe
  • Hypertensive congestive heart failure (chf)
  • Hypertensive heart AND chronic kidney disease on dialysis with congestive heart failure
  • Hypertensive heart AND chronic kidney disease stage 1 with congestive heart failure
  • Hypertensive heart AND chronic kidney disease stage 4 with congestive heart failure
  • Hypertensive heart AND chronic kidney disease stage 5 with congestive heart failure
  • Hypertensive heart AND chronic kidney disease with congestive heart failure
  • Hypertensive heart and CKD, ESRD on dialysis, w CHF
  • Hypertensive heart and CKD, stage 1 (GFR >= 90), w CHF
  • Hypertensive heart and CKD, stage 4 (GFR 15-29), w CHF
  • Hypertensive heart and CKD, stage 5 (GFR < 15), w CHF
  • Hypertensive heart and CKD, w CHF
  • Hypertensive heart and kidney disease
  • Hypertensive heart and kidney disease with chf
  • Hypertensive heart and kidney disease with congestive heart failure (CHF)
  • Hypertensive heart disease with heart failure
  • Hypertensive heart disease, w CHF
  • Hypertensive heart failure
  • Hypertensive heart/kidney dis w/ congestive heart fail
  • Hypertensive kidney and heart disease
  • Hypertensive kidney and heart disease, on dialysis
  • Malignant hypertensive heart and chronic renal disease with congestive heart failure
  • Malignant hypertensive heart and chronic renal disease, stage 5, with congestive heart failure
  • Malignant hypertensive heart and CKD, stage 5 (GFR <15), w CHF
  • Malignant hypertensive heart and CKD, w CHF
  • Malignant hypertensive heart and CKD, w ESRD, w CHF
  • Malignant hypertensive heart and end stage renal disease with congestive heart failure
  • Malignant hypertensive heart disease with congestive heart failure
  • Malignant hypertensive heart disease, w CHF
  • Right heart failure due to pulmonary HTN
  • Right heart failure due to pulmonary hypertension
Clinical Information
  • 1. Inadequacy of the heart so that as a pump it fails to maintain the circulation of blood, with the result that congestion and edema develop in the tissues; see also forward heart failure, backward heart failure, right ventricular failure, left ventricular failure. Syn cardiac failure, cardiac insufficiency, congestive heart failure, myocardial insufficiency. 2. Resulting clinical syndromes including shortness of breath, pitting edema, enlarged tender liver, engorged neck veins, and pulmonary rales in various combinations.
  • Complication of heart diseases; defective cardiac filling and/or impaired contraction and emptying, resulting in the heart's inability to pump a sufficient amount of blood to meet the needs of the body tissues or to be able to do so only with an elevated filling pressure.
  • Failure of proper functioning of the right ventricle, with venous engorgement, hepatic enlargement, and subcutaneous edema.
  • Weakness of the heart muscle that leads to a buildup of fluid in body tissues.
428.0 Excludes
Applies To
  • Congestive heart disease
  • Right heart failure (secondary to left heart failure)
Convert to ICD-10-CM: 428.0 converts approximately to:
  • 2014 ICD-10-CM I50.9 Heart failure, unspecified
ICD-9-CM Volume 2 Index entries containing back-references to 428.0:
  • Anasarca 782.3
    • cardiac (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
  • Ascites 789.59
    • cardiac 428.0
    • heart 428.0
  • Bernheim's syndrome (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
  • Congestion, congestive
    • heart (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
  • Deficiency, deficient
    • cardiac (see also Insufficiency, myocardial) 428.0
    • myocardial (see also Insufficiency, myocardial) 428.0
  • Disease, diseased - see also Syndrome
    • heart (organic) 429.9
      • with
        • acute pulmonary edema (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
          • hypertensive 402.91
          • kidney disease - see Hypertension, cardiorenal
          • rheumatic fever (conditions classifiable to 390)
      • amyloid 277.39[425.7]
      • aortic (valve) (see also Endocarditis, aortic) 424.1
      • arteriosclerotic or sclerotic (minimal) (senile) - see Arteriosclerosis, coronary
      • artery, arterial - see Arteriosclerosis, coronary
      • atherosclerotic - see Arteriosclerosis, coronary
      • beer drinkers' 425.5
      • beriberi 265.0 [425.7]
      • black 416.0
      • congenital NEC 746.9
        • cyanotic 746.9
        • maternal, affecting fetus or newborn 760.3
        • specified type NEC 746.89
      • congestive (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • coronary 414.9
      • cryptogenic 429.9
      • due to
      • fetal 746.9
      • fibroid (see also Myocarditis) 429.0
      • functional 427.9
      • glycogen storage 271.0 [425.7]
      • gonococcal NEC 098.85
      • gouty 274.82
      • hypertensive (see also Hypertension, heart) 402.90
      • hyperthyroid (see also Hyperthyroidism) 242.9 [425.7]
      • incompletely diagnosed - see Disease, heart
      • ischemic (chronic) (see also Ischemia, heart) 414.9
        • acute (see also Infarct, myocardium) 410.9
          • without myocardial infarction 411.89
            • with coronary (artery) occlusion 411.81
        • asymptomatic 412
        • diagnosed on ECG or other special investigation but currently presenting no symptoms 412
      • kyphoscoliotic 416.1
      • mitral (see also Endocarditis, mitral) 394.9
      • muscular (see also Degeneration, myocardial) 429.1
      • postpartum 674.8
      • psychogenic (functional) 306.2
      • pulmonary (chronic) 416.9
      • rheumatic (chronic) (inactive) (old) (quiescent) (with chorea) 398.90
        • active or acute 391.9
          • with chorea (active) (rheumatic) (Sydenham's) 392.0
          • specified type NEC 391.8
        • maternal, affecting fetus or newborn 760.3
      • rheumatoid - see Arthritis, rheumatoid
      • sclerotic - see Arteriosclerosis, coronary
      • senile (see also Myocarditis) 429.0
      • specified type NEC 429.89
      • syphilitic 093.89
      • thyroid (gland) (see also Hyperthyroidism) 242.9 [425.7]
      • thyrotoxic (see also Thyrotoxicosis) 242.9 [425.7]
      • tuberculous (see also Tuberculosis) 017.9 [425.8]
      • valve, valvular (obstructive) (regurgitant) - see also Endocarditis
        • congenital NEC (see also Anomaly, heart, valve) 746.9
      • vascular - see Disease, cardiovascular
  • Dropsy, dropsical (see also Edema) 782.3
    • cardiac (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
    • heart (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
  • Dysfunction
    • ventricular 429.9
      • with congestive heart failure (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • due to
        • cardiomyopathy - see Cardiomyopathy
        • hypertension - see Hypertension, heart
      • left, reversible following sudden emotional stress 429.83
  • Edema, edematous 782.3
    • cardiac (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
    • cardiovascular (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
    • heart (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
    • lung 514
      • acute 518.4
        • with heart disease or failure (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
          • congestive 428.0
        • chemical (due to fumes or vapors) 506.1
        • due to
          • external agent(s) NEC 508.9
          • fumes and vapors (chemical) (inhalation) 506.1
          • radiation 508.0
      • chemical (acute) 506.1
      • chronic 514
        • chemical (due to fumes or vapors) 506.4
        • due to
          • external agent(s) NEC 508.9
          • fumes or vapors (chemical) (inhalation) 506.4
          • radiation 508.1
      • due to
      • postoperative 518.4
      • terminal 514
  • Failure, failed
    • congestive (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
    • heart (acute) (sudden) 428.9
      • with
        • abortion - see Abortion, by type, with specified complication NEC
        • acute pulmonary edema (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
          • with congestion (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
        • decompensation (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
        • dilation - see Disease, heart
        • ectopic pregnancy (see also categories 633.0-633.9) 639.8
        • molar pregnancy (see also categories 630-632) 639.8
      • arteriosclerotic 440.9
      • combined left-right sided 428.0
      • combined systolic and diastolic 428.40
      • compensated (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • complicating
        • abortion - see Abortion, by type, with specified complication NEC
        • delivery (cesarean) (instrumental) 669.4
        • ectopic pregnancy (see also categories 633.0-633.9) 639.8
        • molar pregnancy (see also categories 630-632) 639.8
        • obstetric anesthesia or sedation 668.1
        • surgery 997.1
      • congestive (compensated) (decompensated) (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
        • with rheumatic fever (conditions classifiable to 390)
        • fetus or newborn 779.89
        • hypertensive (see also Hypertension, heart) 402.91
        • rheumatic (chronic) (inactive) (with chorea) 398.91
          • active or acute 391.8
            • with chorea (Sydenham's) 392.0
      • decompensated (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • degenerative (see also Degeneration, myocardial) 429.1
      • diastolic 428.30
      • due to presence of (cardiac) prosthesis 429.4
      • fetus or newborn 779.89
      • following
      • high output NEC 428.9
      • hypertensive (see also Hypertension, heart) 402.91
      • left (ventricular) (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
        • with right-sided failure (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • low output (syndrome) NEC 428.9
      • organic - see Disease, heart
      • postoperative (immediate) 997.1
        • long term effect of cardiac surgery 429.4
      • rheumatic (chronic) (congestive) (inactive) 398.91
      • right (secondary to left heart failure, conditions classifiable to 428.1) (ventricular) (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • senile 797
      • specified during or due to a procedure 997.1
        • long-term effect of cardiac surgery 429.4
      • systolic 428.20
      • thyrotoxic (see also Thyrotoxicosis) 242.9 [425.7]
      • valvular - see Endocarditis
    • myocardium, myocardial (see also Failure, heart) 428.9
      • chronic (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • congestive (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
    • ventricular (see also Failure, heart) 428.9
      • left 428.1
        • with rheumatic fever (conditions classifiable to 390)
        • hypertensive (see also Hypertension, heart) 402.91
        • rheumatic (chronic) (inactive) (with chorea) 398.91
      • right (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
  • Fluid
    • heart (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
  • Hydrops 782.3
    • cardiac (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
  • Impaired, impairment (function)
    • myocardium, myocardial (see also Insufficiency, myocardial) 428.0
  • Insufficiency, insufficient
    • cardiac (see also Insufficiency, myocardial) 428.0
      • complicating surgery 997.1
      • due to presence of (cardiac) prosthesis 429.4
      • postoperative 997.1
        • long-term effect of cardiac surgery 429.4
      • specified during or due to a procedure 997.1
        • long-term effect of cardiac surgery 429.4
    • myocardial, myocardium (with arteriosclerosis) 428.0
      • with rheumatic fever (conditions classifiable to 390)
        • active, acute, or subacute 391.2
        • inactive or quiescent (with chorea) 398.0
      • congenital 746.89
      • due to presence of (cardiac) prosthesis 429.4
      • fetus or newborn 779.89
      • following cardiac surgery 429.4
      • hypertensive (see also Hypertension, heart) 402.91
      • postoperative 997.1
        • long-term effect of cardiac surgery 429.4
      • rheumatic 398.0
        • active, acute, or subacute 391.2
          • with chorea (Sydenham's) 392.0
      • syphilitic 093.82
  • Stasis
    • cardiac (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
  • Syndrome - see also Disease
    • Bernheim's (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
ICD-9-CM codes are used in medical billing and coding to describe diseases, injuries, symptoms and conditions. ICD-9-CM 428.0 is one of thousands of ICD-9-CM codes used in healthcare. Although ICD-9-CM and CPT codes are largely numeric, they differ in that CPT codes describe medical procedures and services. Can't find a code? Start at the root of ICD-9-CM, check the 2014 ICD-9-CM Index or use the search engine at the top of this page to lookup any code.