Specific code 2012 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 428.1
Left heart failure
  • ICD-9-CM 428.1 will be replaced by an equivalent ICD-10-CM code (or codes) when the United States transitions from ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM on October 1, 2015.
  • ICD-9-CM 428.1 is a billable medical code that can be used to specify a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim.
  • You are viewing the 2012 version of ICD-9-CM 428.1.
  • More recent version(s) of ICD-9-CM 428.1: 2013 2014.
Disease Synonyms
  • Heart failure
  • Heart failure left side with ejection fraction 31-40%
  • Heart failure w LVEF <=30%
  • Heart failure w LVEF >=50%
  • Heart failure w LVEF 31-40%
  • Heart failure w LVEF 41-49%
  • Heart failure with left ventricular ejection fraction 41-49 percent
  • Heart failure with left ventricular ejection fraction greater than or equal to 50 percent
  • Heart failure, LT side W LVEF <=30%
  • Heart failure, LT side W LVEF 31-40%
  • Heart failure, LT side w/LVEF >40%
  • LEFT HEART FAILURE
  • Left heart failure with left ejection fraction 30-40 percent
  • Left heart failure with left ejection fraction greater than 40 percent
  • Left heart failure with left ejection fraction less than or equal to 30 percent
  • Left sided heart failure, ejection fraction >40%
Applies To
  • Acute edema of lung with heart disease NOS or heart failure
  • Acute pulmonary edema with heart disease NOS or heart failure
  • Cardiac asthma
  • Left ventricular failure
Convert to ICD-10-CM: 428.1 converts directly to:
  • 2014 ICD-10-CM I50.1 Left ventricular failure
ICD-9-CM Volume 2 Index entries containing back-references to 428.1:
  • Asthma, asthmatic (bronchial) (catarrh) (spasmodic) 493.9
    • cardiac (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
    • cardiobronchial (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
    • heart (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
    • Rostan's (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
  • Disease, diseased - see also Syndrome
    • heart (organic) 429.9
      • with
        • acute pulmonary edema (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
          • hypertensive 402.91
          • kidney disease - see Hypertension, cardiorenal
          • rheumatic fever (conditions classifiable to 390)
      • amyloid 277.39[425.7]
      • aortic (valve) (see also Endocarditis, aortic) 424.1
      • arteriosclerotic or sclerotic (minimal) (senile) - see Arteriosclerosis, coronary
      • artery, arterial - see Arteriosclerosis, coronary
      • atherosclerotic - see Arteriosclerosis, coronary
      • beer drinkers' 425.5
      • beriberi 265.0 [425.7]
      • black 416.0
      • congenital NEC 746.9
        • cyanotic 746.9
        • maternal, affecting fetus or newborn 760.3
        • specified type NEC 746.89
      • congestive (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • coronary 414.9
      • cryptogenic 429.9
      • due to
      • fetal 746.9
      • fibroid (see also Myocarditis) 429.0
      • functional 427.9
      • glycogen storage 271.0 [425.7]
      • gonococcal NEC 098.85
      • gouty 274.82
      • hypertensive (see also Hypertension, heart) 402.90
      • hyperthyroid (see also Hyperthyroidism) 242.9 [425.7]
      • incompletely diagnosed - see Disease, heart
      • ischemic (chronic) (see also Ischemia, heart) 414.9
        • acute (see also Infarct, myocardium) 410.9
          • without myocardial infarction 411.89
            • with coronary (artery) occlusion 411.81
        • asymptomatic 412
        • diagnosed on ECG or other special investigation but currently presenting no symptoms 412
      • kyphoscoliotic 416.1
      • mitral (see also Endocarditis, mitral) 394.9
      • muscular (see also Degeneration, myocardial) 429.1
      • postpartum 674.8
      • psychogenic (functional) 306.2
      • pulmonary (chronic) 416.9
      • rheumatic (chronic) (inactive) (old) (quiescent) (with chorea) 398.90
        • active or acute 391.9
          • with chorea (active) (rheumatic) (Sydenham's) 392.0
          • specified type NEC 391.8
        • maternal, affecting fetus or newborn 760.3
      • rheumatoid - see Arthritis, rheumatoid
      • sclerotic - see Arteriosclerosis, coronary
      • senile (see also Myocarditis) 429.0
      • specified type NEC 429.89
      • syphilitic 093.89
      • thyroid (gland) (see also Hyperthyroidism) 242.9 [425.7]
      • thyrotoxic (see also Thyrotoxicosis) 242.9 [425.7]
      • tuberculous (see also Tuberculosis) 017.9 [425.8]
      • valve, valvular (obstructive) (regurgitant) - see also Endocarditis
        • congenital NEC (see also Anomaly, heart, valve) 746.9
      • vascular - see Disease, cardiovascular
  • Dyspnea (nocturnal) (paroxysmal) 786.09
    • asthmatic (bronchial) (see also Asthma) 493.9
      • with bronchitis (see also Asthma) 493.9
      • cardiac (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
    • cardiac (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
  • Edema, edematous 782.3
    • lung 514
      • acute 518.4
        • with heart disease or failure (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
        • chemical (due to fumes or vapors) 506.1
        • due to
          • external agent(s) NEC 508.9
          • fumes and vapors (chemical) (inhalation) 506.1
          • radiation 508.0
      • chemical (acute) 506.1
      • chronic 514
        • chemical (due to fumes or vapors) 506.4
        • due to
          • external agent(s) NEC 508.9
          • fumes or vapors (chemical) (inhalation) 506.4
          • radiation 508.1
      • due to
      • postoperative 518.4
      • terminal 514
  • Failure, failed
    • heart (acute) (sudden) 428.9
      • with
        • abortion - see Abortion, by type, with specified complication NEC
        • acute pulmonary edema (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
          • with congestion (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
        • decompensation (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
        • dilation - see Disease, heart
        • ectopic pregnancy (see also categories 633.0-633.9) 639.8
        • molar pregnancy (see also categories 630-632) 639.8
      • arteriosclerotic 440.9
      • combined left-right sided 428.0
      • combined systolic and diastolic 428.40
      • compensated (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • complicating
        • abortion - see Abortion, by type, with specified complication NEC
        • delivery (cesarean) (instrumental) 669.4
        • ectopic pregnancy (see also categories 633.0-633.9) 639.8
        • molar pregnancy (see also categories 630-632) 639.8
        • obstetric anesthesia or sedation 668.1
        • surgery 997.1
      • congestive (compensated) (decompensated) (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
        • with rheumatic fever (conditions classifiable to 390)
        • fetus or newborn 779.89
        • hypertensive (see also Hypertension, heart) 402.91
        • rheumatic (chronic) (inactive) (with chorea) 398.91
          • active or acute 391.8
            • with chorea (Sydenham's) 392.0
      • decompensated (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • degenerative (see also Degeneration, myocardial) 429.1
      • diastolic 428.30
      • due to presence of (cardiac) prosthesis 429.4
      • fetus or newborn 779.89
      • following
      • high output NEC 428.9
      • hypertensive (see also Hypertension, heart) 402.91
      • left (ventricular) (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
        • with right-sided failure (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • low output (syndrome) NEC 428.9
      • organic - see Disease, heart
      • postoperative (immediate) 997.1
        • long term effect of cardiac surgery 429.4
      • rheumatic (chronic) (congestive) (inactive) 398.91
      • right (secondary to left heart failure, conditions classifiable to 428.1) (ventricular) (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
      • senile 797
      • specified during or due to a procedure 997.1
        • long-term effect of cardiac surgery 429.4
      • systolic 428.20
      • thyrotoxic (see also Thyrotoxicosis) 242.9 [425.7]
      • valvular - see Endocarditis
    • ventricular (see also Failure, heart) 428.9
      • left 428.1
        • with rheumatic fever (conditions classifiable to 390)
        • hypertensive (see also Hypertension, heart) 402.91
        • rheumatic (chronic) (inactive) (with chorea) 398.91
      • right (see also Failure, heart) 428.0
  • Rostan's asthma (cardiac) (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
  • Stone(s) - see also Calculus
    • heart syndrome (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
  • Syndrome - see also Disease
    • cardiac asthma (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
    • Ridley's (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
    • stone heart (see also Failure, ventricular, left) 428.1
ICD-9-CM codes are used in medical billing and coding to describe diseases, injuries, symptoms and conditions. ICD-9-CM 428.1 is one of thousands of ICD-9-CM codes used in healthcare. Although ICD-9-CM and CPT codes are largely numeric, they differ in that CPT codes describe medical procedures and services. Can't find a code? Start at the root of ICD-9-CM, check the 2012 ICD-9-CM Index or use the search engine at the top of this page to lookup any code.